Anaerobic digestion researches

A combination anaerobic digestion scheme for biogas production from dairy effluent—CSTR and ABR, and biogas upgrading

By Lars Jürgensen, Ehiaze Augustine Ehimen, Jens Born, Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen

Highlights

  • CSTR and ABR in series are able to treat low strength dairy waste water.
  • The system is shock-load resistant according to high fluctuating dairy effluent.
  • The CSTR acts as hydrolysis stage and buffer tank ensuring stable operation.
  • COD removal and biogas production takes places in the ABR.
  • The produced biogas can be used as CO2 source for energy storage.

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Determination of kinetic constants from the co-digestion of dairy cow slurry and municipal food waste at increasing organic loading rates

By John Morken, Magnus Gjetmundsen, Kristian Fjørtoft

Highlights

  • Anaerobic digestion of dairy cow slurry (DCS) and municipal food waste (MFW).
  • Methane production increased by 479% when 32.2% MFW was added.
  • The kinetics of the process was investigated.
  • A model was developed based on the kinetic constants found in the experiment.

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The effect of bacterial and archaeal populations on anaerobic process fed with mozzarella cheese whey and buttermilk

By Giorgia Pagliano, Valeria Ventorino, Antonio Panico, Ida Romano, Alessandro Robertiello, Francesco Pirozzi, Olimpia Pepe

Highlights

  • The key archaeal species involved in H2 and CH4 production were identified.
  • Dairy wastes are suitable byproducts for being valorized in a biorefinery process.
  • Inoculum significantly influenced microbial dynamics and process performance.
  • Microbial dynamic and biochemical intermediate were considered and related.
  • Higher inoculum amount increased methanogens concentration of 1 log CFU/mL.

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Semi-continuous anaerobic co-digestion of dairy manure, meat and bone meal and crude glycerol: Process performance and digestate valorization

By Fetra J. Andriamanohiarisoamanana, Aya Saikawa, Guangdou Qi, Zhifei Pan, Takaki Yamashiro, Masahiro Iwasaki, Ikko Ihara, Takehiro Nishida, Kazutaka Umetsu

Highlights

  • Anaerobic co-digestion of dairy manure, meat and bone meal and crude glycerol at 37 °C.
  • Crude glycerol boosted methane yield while meat and bone meal improved fertilizer value.
  • Ammonium nitrogen increased with the increase of meat and bone meal.
  • Phosphorus concentration was not affected by the co-digestion process.
  • Nutrient recovery and water recycling are the best alternative to sustain biogas plant.

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Anaerobic co-digestion of End-of-Life dairy products with agroindustrial wastes in a mesophilic pilot-scale two-stage system: Assessment of system’s performance

By Alexandros Kopsahelis, Konstantinos Stavropoulos, Constantina Zafiri, Michael Kornaros

Highlights

  • EoL-DPs can be efficiently co-digested with AgW at ∼20% (w/w) of overall feedstock.
  • Pilot-scale co-digestion of EoL-DPs with AgW was demonstrated in a two-stage system.
  • Acidification of EoL-DPs alone should precede their co-digestion with AgW.
  • Two-stage co-digestion produces 50% more methane (0.51 L/LR/d) than single-stage.
  • 1.84 m3 H2 gas and 29.53 m3 CH4 may be produced per m3 EoL-DPs.

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Valorizing waste iron powder in biogas production: Hydrogen sulfide control and process performances

By Fetra J. Andriamanohiarisoamanana, Tomoya Shirai, Takaki Yamashiro, Seiichi Yasui, Masahiro Iwasaki, Ikko Ihara, Takehiro Nishida, Suchon Tangtaweewipat, Kazutaka Umetsu  

Highlights

  • Waste iron powder was used to control hydrogen sulfide in biogas production.
  • In batch experiment, a reduction of 93% of H2S at waste iron powder of 2.0 g/L.
  • Total sulfide concentration in digester increased together with waste iron powder.
  • Waste iron powder did not affect methane yield in batch and continuous experiments.
  • In continuous experiment, H2S was reduced by 50% at waste iron powder of 1.0 g/L.

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